The climate of Syria is hot and dry in summer and cold in winter. The areas near the Mediterranean Sea have a milder climate.
The summers are hot throughout Syria. Only mountains give some respite from the dry hot wind. In July and August, the mid day thermometer exceeds 104 F (40 C) in Damascus, the capital of Syria. On the other hand the winters are quite cold and snow is common at Damascus in winter with sub zero temperatures occurring quite frequently. Thus Syria has an extreme or continental climate. However the areas along the Mediterranean Sea are warmer in winter and cooler than summer than those located inland. The best season to visit Syria is in Spring and Fall when the highs are around 70 F (21 C) and lows are around 50 F ( 10 C ).
The precipitation, throughout Syria, is very scanty, usually less than 15 in. (375 mm). At Damascus, for instance, the total annual rainfall is only 9 in. (220 mm), mostly falling in the winter months. Each month from November to February receives more than 1.6 in. (40 mm) of rain whereas the three months of June, July and August at Damascus are practically dry.
In short the climate of Syria is hot and very dry in summer with temperatures reaching in excess of 100 F. The winters however are cold and snowfall is common. The cities on the Mediterranean Coast have a milder climate with less extremes of temperature.The best season to visit this country is spring and fall when days are moderately warm and nights are cool.