Ancient Greek Sword – The Greek Kopis and Makhaira Swords

Kopis Greek Sword

The Kopis was an Ancient Greek Sword that had a curvy blade that faced forward. It was usually used for cutting meat, to slaughter animals and for animal sacrificial offerings, however it was also used as a Combat Ready Sword. The weapon was made to be used with one hand. The length of this weapon was around 3 feet long, which is the same size as the spatha. This weapon is very similar to the Nepalese Kukri and many people believe that they Iberian Falcata replaced the Kopis.

The Old Greeks preferred going to war with Curvy Bladed Weapons. However the Hoplites preferred the Straight Sword to go to battle with. The Downward Curve made by the Kopis made this weapon ideal for mounted battle against enemy troops. The Kopis has a Tilt that looks like a hook. In many cases this sword would be swung over the shoulder so the attacker could weild the most force against their opponent.

Makhaira Battle Ready Greek Sword

The Makhaira was an Ancient Greek Sword that was primarily used in battle. It was also classified as a large knife that had a blade that curved backwards just slightly. In the Greek Language, the term Makhaira meant a few different things, but generally referred to any knife of sword but usually means a type of one edged, curved sword. This weapon is similar to the Kopis because of the direction that the blade is curved.

These weapons were primarily, but not exclusively Greek. In fact Greek Art shows Persian and Lacedaemonian armies weilding these battle weapons. The Greek Xiphos was a straight weapon, and if you look deep into Persian literature, you’ll discover that their primary sword used in their Infantry was straight and not curved like the Makhaira was. The Xenophon believe that the Xiphos was much more mainstream around the Greek Armies of the day and the Makhaira was much more suited for Calvary.

Source by Brian Garvin

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