An inverter, aka power inverter, is an electronic device that converts DC to AC for a variety of appliances. Typically, the source of DC is an inverter battery or solar panels. These batteries are usually rated as deep cycle batteries. In this article, we are going to talk about all you need to know about inverter batteries. Read on to know more.
Today, most home appliances are designed to run on AC current from the mains. But some appliances such as laptops and mobile phones use DC current. Typically AC current is converted to DC current using an electronic circuit. An inverter is a device that does the opposite.
Inverters are used in different types of home appliances, refrigerators, air conditioner units, and light bulbs. Apart from this, they are used to supply power to traffic lights, laboratory equipment, and ATMs. This is the reason batteries are quite important for inverters.
DC current is taken from inverter batteries and converted to AC current using a special circuit. Apart from this, batteries are recharged using the inverter. As a matter of fact, a battery is a primary component of an inverter. The functionality of this device depends upon the battery.
Parts of Inverter Batteries
The function of a battery is to convert chemical energy into electrical energy. And all of the parts are arranged like a “cell”. Let’s talk about some of the parts of an inverter battery.
Electrolyte: In acid batteries, the electrolyte consists of distilled water and sulphuric acid. Generally, inverters use wet cell or acid batteries. There are two types of these batteries: sealed and wet-cell.
In the wet-cell type, the liquid electrolyte is used. On the other hand, in sealed once, you can find it either a fiberglass matt containing liquid electrolyte.
Terminals: The negative side terminal is made of pure lead. The positive side terminal is made from the Pb02. Both of the terminals are made as “plates”. Lead-acid batteries contain both acid electrolytes and plates made of lead.
Separators: There are separators between the negative plates and the positive plates to prevent a short circuit due to physical contact. Generally, rubber is used to make most types of separators. The good thing about rubber is that it is the best choice for use in battery acid.
Cooling fans: Although cooling fans are not part of the system, you can find them in the inverter system to dissipate heat. Apart from this, other components are also used in the systems, such as alarms and LED lights. The purpose of these components is to show the state of the batteries.
And then there are microprocessor-based circuits. The purpose of this system is to make sure the battery is charged properly.
In short, this was an introduction to inverter batteries and their primary components.